Guest post from Responsibletravel.com
Family holidays in Peru traveling on foot, by raft and horse make exciting activity holidays that will appeal to people of all ages. With so much history remaining in the country, families can combine activity holidays with cultural holidays for an experience that will never be forgotten. Possibly the
highlight of any trip to Peru is a visit to the Sacred Valley of the Incas and one of the best ways for visitors enjoying activity holidays to travel to this wonderful location is via the River Urubamba. This area is 600 metres lower than the nearby city of Cusco and has a good climate. The upper part of
the river offers the more adventurous visitor the opportunity to experience the thrill of the white water rapids in a canoe. Further downstream are some charming and rustic villages worth exploring and the town of Pisac has a large craft market where souvenirs can be purchased by visitors enjoying
family holidays in the area. No visit to Peru is complete without seeing Machu Picchu. This pre- Columbian site dates back to the 15th century and was rediscovered in 1911. Built 2430 metres above sea level the Inca site was never discovered by the Spanish invaders and is now a UNESCO
World Heritage Site. Also known as the Lost City of the Incas it can be reached by train, followed by a steep climb. The Inca trail takes several hours of walking before a contour path leads through the cloud forest to Inti Punku where Machu Picchu can first be seen. Following an overnight stay at the town of Aguas Calientes visitors can continue their journey via bus and see the sunrise over Machu Picchu. A 90 minute walk to the mountain of Huayna Picchu is a must for serious walkers on Peru holidays as the views from this location overlooking the archaeological site are excellent.
The Spanish colonial city of Cusco is the former Inca capital and makes a great base from which to explore on cultural holidays. Founded in 1100 AD the city has many beautiful churches and monasteries as well as Inca fountains, walls and doorways, creating a mix of architectural styles.
There are many interesting archaeological sites around the periphery of Cusco for those families wishing to enjoy cultural holidays and these sites can be explored either on foot or on horseback. Sites include the Tambomachay ruins and water fountains, Puca Pucara which is also known as the red fortress, the religious centre of Qenko and Sacsayhuaman fortress which is an important site and the location of the annual Inti Raymi festival.
Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world at 3820 metres above sea level is well to be included in Peru holidays. With the town of Puno as a base, visitors can enjoy boat trips to Islas Flotantes which is created from floating reeds and on to Taquile Island which is inhabited by native Indians. Family holidays to the Peruvian Amazon rainforest provide visitors on Peru holidays with a great location for walking and canoeing holidays. Tourists can spot jaguars, caimans and many other wild animals. The Huascaran National Park also offers treks on foot to unspoiled Andean villages.